The main signal of a woman’s mood is her hair colour. A well-maintained hair will make everything run smoothly. It is just as important to keep your hair healthy and vibrant. To keep your hair looking fresh and beautiful, you need to change it regularly. If you are looking for methods to maintain your hair colour or plan on changing it, this article is essential reading. This article will give you a complete guide on how to choose the right shade for your hair, including a list of hair colouring methods, tips and tricks to prevent damage, and advice about hair loss and hair dyeing during pregnancy. All your questions answered!

best hairstyles in history

A Brief Trip into Hair Dyeing history

It is not uncommon to have temptations at time to dye our hair. Since the dawn of B.C. time, women have dyed their hair. After having their hair shaved, ancient Egyptians dyed it. Then they twisted and curled their hair into braided or braided wigs. Although temporary colour options such as henna, alfalfa and indigo were used by ancient humans, there are evidence that permanent dye was used by Roman and Greek women.

Modern women can thank William Henry Perkin, after thousands of years spent researching for the right hair colour and sometimes resorting to harmful chemicals, for discovering the formula that makes today’s hair colours possible.

The modern hair colour was created in the mid-1800s by an English chemist who was trying to create a malaria medicine. He did not want to alter the hair colour. He instead created mauve, a colour never before seen and that lasts longer than any other dye. This happy accident was the catalyst for the creation of the amazing hair colour palettes we have today.

Modern hair colour offers you the flexibility and convenience to transform your look, add trendy colours to your hair, cover grays or highlight your natural hair. You have a wide range of hair colour palettes options to choose from. Your imagination is the only limitation.

Continue reading to learn more about hair colour techniques and hair care.

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The Main Hair Colouring Techniques

Top hairstylists update their trends and new hair colouring techniques every year and even season. Some become obsolete, while others are new. There are certain to succeed options. We have compiled the most popular dyeing methods that are sure to never go out-of-fashion.


All-Over Hair Colour

Because you only apply one shade to your hair, all-over hair colouring is sometimes called “single process” hair colour.

When it comes to single-process hair colouring, there are three levels:

Permanent: This formula contains peroxide and ammonia which chemically alter the hair’s colour. This chemical change is what makes it “permanent”.

Demi-permanent: Does not contain ammonia but does contain peroxide which helps hair absorb colour. It can be washed out in between 12 and 24 shampoos.

Semi-permanent: Does not contain ammonia. The colour is deposited on top of the hair and acts more like a stain. It can be washed out in 6-12 shampoos.

Two-tone Hair Colour

These hair colour techniques only use two shades. One is the base shade, and another one can be used to lighten, darken, or enhance with colour. Two-tone dyeing jobs are difficult to find in the modern times of balayage. To blend highlights seamlessly into hair, most stylists prefer to use three or more colours. But some of these are still used in modern day hair colouring.

You might be interested in these examples of dip-dye hairstyles and purple and blue hair colouring. Stylists often choose only 2 colours for the so called ‘peek-aboo hair’.

Two-tone colourings can be made with bright or pastel colours. You can also use classic ombre and balayage. Continue reading to learn more.



Highlights are lightening streaks that enhance hair texture and highlight locks. They come in a variety of placement, shades and sizes. Highlights are used by many women to transition naturally from dark hair to lighter without serious bleaching. Streaks must be extremely thin and fine in this instance. Chunky highlights are those with broader sections that are being lightened.

Highlights may be placed full head or partial head or can be strategically on your hair ends, in the front, or on top. Your stylist will place highlights wherever you feel there is a lack in dimension. There are two main types of highlights that are popular: traditional foiling and hair-painting (aka freehand). This second option is very trendy now and includes your beloved Balayage.

Why is it that we said highlights were lighter streaks “in most cases”? They can be done in any shade you want. They don’t have to be super-trendy caramel blonde or light blonde and can be in any hues that you can imagine. Many women are drawn to bold colours, and will experiment with purple, pink and blue streaks in their hair. Silver, white and grey highlights are another creative option that girls of all ages love.

Highlighting works well on both short and long hair, and is equally effective for blondes as well as women with darker and lighter brown base hair colours.


Balayage is versatile and beautiful, so it won’t go anywhere. This technique is different from highlight because it does not use foil or meche. The colour is applied by hand to small sections of hair in triangular segments. This creates natural-looking highlights.

This technique has a great advantage: your stylist can create your hair to match your personal preference with custom-blended colours and precise application for contouring and framing your features.

Balayage is also extremely easy to maintain, making it a great option for busy ladies. Roots are less obvious when hair grows out because of the natural transition from one shade to another.

The only one disadvantage is that Balayage cannot cover grays, unless you are looking to incorporate greys into your look. A full coverage colour is the only choice if you have lots of gray to cover. Do you need quick root touch-ups and you may consider root concealers.

There are variety of balayage techniques can also be used for smudging and strobing.

Highlights of Foil or Meche

Foil highlights allow for more precise colour application. Foil highlights or meche allow the stylist to apply multiple colours simultaneously and provide more uniform coverage. Different colours can be used to add dimension, tones as well as to create volume to fine hair.

This technique is more difficult to maintain than others depending on how many highlights you use and what shade you choose. Because the highlights are applied close to the scalp, thus roots will be more obvious as hair grows out.


Babylights are soft subtle colour changes that mimic natural hair. These are very similar to regular highlights, but they are more intensive and placed more closely as well as more delicate sizing. This technique is so fine and delicate that the roots will not be visible when the colour starts to grow.

Babylights can be used on any hair type and colour. Babylights can give your nature hair a subtle but powerful boost gloss. The process can be tedious and precise so expect to spend hours in the salon.


reverse balayage

Lowlights give hair colour depth and dimension, allowing the natural beauty of the colour to shine through. Lowlights are not used to lighten the hair. Instead, they add darker shades that create contrast and make the lighter base colour the star of the show.

Lowlights are a great option for anyone with a natural, beautiful lighter base colour (other than very dark hair). Because it creates an illusion of volume, this technique is great for fine hair, especially if it’s curly. Although lowlights can be very versatile, they can make short hair look uneven or patchy.


Another tried-and-true method that easily works with almost all hair types and colours is ombre. French word Ombre literally means “shaded”, and this is how to describe the popular style. The roots of the hair are darker, while the ends gradually become lighter. The reverse ombre is lighter at the crown and darker at ends.

This look is best for longer hair because it allows the colour to melt from the roots to your tips. However, you can find many successful short ombre-ed hairstyles. You can also try this look if your hair is long bob or a long pixie.


Sombre is a softer version of ombre. Because the contrast between roots and tips is only one or two shades apart, the colours blend more seamlessly. This style is very easy to maintain and requires less trips to the salon.


This is a great technique for short hair. Contrary to sombre and ombre, the only areas that are bleached or lightened with multiple shades are the tips. This style is great with short, choppy hairstyles. Frosting the ends adds depth and interest to the base colour.

There are many techniques available today. There are many techniques that can be used to transform hair. These techniques are just a few of the many options for hair colour. You can discuss your next hair transformations with your stylist if you have any questions.

How to choose the right hair colour for your skin

hair colour and skin tone chart

You should consider your skin tone and undertones before you decide on a hair colour. Your skin tone refers to how fair or dark your skin is. Undertones indicate whether your skin is warm, cool or neutral.

It is best to use natural, indirect light to determine your skin’s undertone. Indoor lighting can cause skin to look different and can skew your results. Have you ever noticed that the reflections in a public bathroom mirror are a bit greener or yellower? The artificial light is causing a greenish tint to your skin. Begin by placing your face in front of a bright window.

You can use a few tests to find out what undertones you may have.

  • The Vein Test.
    • Your wrist veins are the best way to determine your undertone. Because your veins are so close together to the skin’s surface, contrast highlights the undertones.
  • The Jewelry Test.
    • You will look best in silver or gold jewelry, depending on your skin tone. Both colours can be worn together to test which one looks better on your skin.
  • The White or Beige Test.
    • You can wear a mix of a white and beige t-shirt. The white t-shirt will make your skin look yellower if you have warm undertones. The beige tee will make your skin appear greyer and washed-out if you have cool undertones.

Hair colours for every type of skin tone and undertone

Once you have determined your skin’s undertone, it is time to confirm your findings and determine which colours will look the best for you.

  • Warm Undertone for Skin
    • Your veins appear greenish, and your skin has gold and yellow undertones.
    • Gold jewelry makes you look great.
    • Putting on Beige is a complement to warm, golden undertones.

The best hair colours for warm undertones

  • Fair: Copper, golden blonde, caramel
  • Medium: bronde
  • Olive: cinnamon, chestnut
  • Deep: Violet red, black, honey, caramel
  • Cool skin undertone
    • Your veins appear blueish, and your skin has pink and bluish undertones.
    • Silver jewelry makes you look great.
    • Putting on white will bring out the pinkness in your skin.

The best hair colours for cool undertones

  • Fair: Ice platinum, baby blonde
  • Medium: Sand, wheat, and beige colours
  • Olive: cinnamon, chestnut
  • Deep: Inky black, espresso, and blue-black
  • Neutral Undertones for Skin
    • You most likely have a neutral undertone if you have olive skin.
    • If it is difficult to tell if your veins are green, or bluish, then you may have a neutral skin tone.
    • Then you should consider to put on silver, white, beige, or gold and look great against your skin.

The best hair colours for neutral undertones

  • You can experiment with the cool and warm colours depending on your skin tone. Have fun!

The question of hair colour and skin tones has been discussed.


How to choose the right hair colour and technique for your hair type

Before you go to the salon, identify your hair type. Also, determine the best colour technique for you.

  • Straight

Straight hair has many options. Straight hair can handle many different styles, including mermaid and tie-dye. Straight hair can be given dimension and movement by babylights, sombre and ombre. Straight hair is also great for freehand painting techniques.

  • Wavy

A subtle wave can look amazing with any hairstyle. This hair is perfect for ombre, dip dye, and tie-dyeing. It also has enough dimension to withstand even the most subtle of babylights.

  • Curly

Highlights and lowlights can bring life to curly hair. Your stylist can use freehand techniques such as balayage and babylights to colour your curls in a precise way that will add depth and dimension to your curls.


Hair Loss and Colouring

Vitamins for Hair Loss – Dr. Oz - Academic Association of Medicine

It is believed that hair dye may lead to hair loss. It is a myth. Hair colouring is certainly not one of the root causes for hair loss in women.

Androgenetic Alopecia (AGA) is the main reason women experience hair loss. Also known as female pattern hair loss, or hereditary hair fall, it is also called androgenetic hair loss. Hormones, genetics, age, and your entire life can affect the hair follicles. Stress, pregnancy, rapid weight loss, and stress can all affect them.

Although colouring your hair will not cause hair to fall out, it can cause damage. Over-processing hair can lead to breakage and thinner locks in the short-term. This temporary hair loss will not last. You can stop the hair fall by giving your hair some special treatment.

How to care for coloured hair

These tips will help you prolong the life of your colour after all that time and money spent at the salon.

  • Your hair should be washed at least once to three times a week. Frequent washing can make your hair lose colour quicker.
  • If necessary, use a dry shampoo between washes.
  • Make sure you choose a good shampoo and conditioner that is suitable for your hair type.
  • A good purple shampoo will keep your blondes and grays from getting brassy.
  • To wash your hair, use lukewarm water and cool water to rinse. Cool water seals the cuticle, keeping the colour molecules, nutrients, as well as moisture, in place.


How to minimize hair damage after colouring

damaged hair type 2

Hair can be damaged by any type of chemical treatment. The chemicals used in colouring can also damage hair and cause permanent colour changes as well as the sun can cause the hair colour to fade. Saltwater and swimming in pools can dry out hair and cause damage.

Preventing hair loss is the best way to keep your hair healthy and vibrant. These tips will help you reduce damage from the elements.

  • Regularly condition your hair, use hair masks and apply a leave in conditioner.
  • Before styling, always use a heat protector.
  • You might consider a hair spray that provides UV protection.
  • Apply a silicone-based shampoo to your hair or before you go into the pool, rinse your hair with fresh water.
  • For colour-treated hair, use a high quality shampoo and conditioner.

How to Choose the Best Shampoo for Your Coloured Hair

Is Shampooing Causing Hair Loss? | Jeffrey Paul's Hair & Scalp ...

Young woman washing her long hair under the shower standing with her back to the camera rinsing it off under the jet of water with her head partially turned to the side over grey mosaic tiles

Do coloured hair really require a special shampoo? Regular shampoos can strip away colour molecules, causing colour to fade more quickly. These shampoos are specifically designed to address the needs to protect the coloured or highlighted hair. They have ingredients that restore and strengthen damaged hair, moisturize, add shine, and soften the hair.

You want a shampoo that is gentle on your hair and doesn’t strip it of natural oils or moisture. Shampoos that take moisture from your hair will also be taking in colour. To prevent hair colour from fading in sunlight, the shampoo must contain UV filters.

Are You Looking for a Sulfate Free Shampoo for Colour-Treated hair?

Shampoos must contain a cleanser to clean hair of dirt and buildup. A sulfate is the most common ingredient in shampoos. No scientific evidence has been published to show that sulfates can cause colour to fade more quickly than other detergents in sulfate free shampoos.

The Cosmetic Ingredient Review and the Food and Drug Administration both state that sulfates can be safely used in small amounts. They are safe unless you have extremely sensitive skin. Sulfates can cause skin irritation by stripping the hair and scalp from natural oils and moisture.

Sodium lauryl sulfurate is a good cleanser, but it can strip hair of natural oils and protein. This can have a negative impact on hair health. Sodium laureth is less harsh on hair but both can cause allergic reactions.

Shampoos with sulfates have that wonderful lather we love. Although they may not be as lather-rich, sulfate-free shampoos will still clean your hair. You can choose what you prefer more.

What other ingredients should be avoided in shampoos for colour-treated hair?

Your hair will dry out if you use alcohol. Avoid alcohol if it is one of the four first ingredients in your product.

Formaldehyde, and its releasers, include Quaternium-15 and DMDM hydantoin. Although the verdict on formaldehyde is not yet in, large amounts can cause irritations to skin, eyes, nose, throat, and skin.

Parabens can cause hair to become dry, weak and brittle.

Advice for Pregnant women when dyeing their hair

Fortunately, I     t is just another myth. It is possible to colour your hair during pregnancy. Use techniques such as balayage and ombre to keep hair dye from reaching the scalp. Hair dye chemicals can get absorbed into the scalp, which could cause birth defects. It is best to wait until the second trimester before dyeing your hair. Even natural and ammonia-free dyes for hair can still contain different chemicals. For more information, talk to your doctor before dyeing your hair.

Colour Your Hair at Home

Many women dye their hair at-home. You can dye your hair at home for many reasons.

Hair colouring at home can cause hair damage, breakage, or unattractive colour results.

It is important to have a solid understanding of the hair’s tones and levels before applying hair colour. This is especially true if you are looking to change your hair colour or enhance your natural tone. There are underlying pigments in every tone that can react to the new colour in unexpected ways. Applying a new colour to your hair after you have had both colour-treated and natural hair regrowth is a riskier situation. Fixing bad hair dye can prove more difficult and costly than a salon colour service.

If not done correctly, bleaching hair can result in breakage and burns. It is important to not only trust this job to professionals, but also to hire a skilled specialist. They will be able to remove yellowish tones from your hair with toner. Professional colourists can help you choose the right colour for your hair.

Hair colouring at home can cause damage to towels, clothing, and other porous materials.

Stylists at the salon take steps to protect your clothing and personal items from drops and spills. It can be difficult to remove hair dye from tile floors or toilet seats.

You can make your home hair colour process more efficient by doing these things.

  • Make sure you have all the tools you need at your disposal.
  • Protect your hands and nails with extra gloves
  • To protect yourself from spills, wear an old button-down shirt
  • To apply colour, use a bowl and a colour brush just like in the salon.
  • To make it easier to remove stains from your skin, apply a thin layer petroleum jelly around the hairline.
  • To quickly wipe up any spillages, keep a clean cloth close by.

Let’s close. No matter the reason why you want to dye your hair (to change your appearance, cover grays or refresh your existing shade), it is a good idea. There are many options available. There are many options available, including solid colours, highlights, ombre, and frosted tips. You know how to reduce the damaging effects of chemicals on hair, how to maintain your new colour after a salon visit and how to do an at-home dye job. You are now free from all your fears. We wish you amazing results each time you colour your hair. We wish you all the best!


Look no further, visit our Hera Hair Beauty salons and have a consultation with one of our highly skilled international colourists to discuss how our different hair colour techniques will work for you.


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